Validating cross racial identity scale pull and push strategy in dating

Peony Fhagen-Smith – a graduate student at Penn State – turned Bill’s perspective toward a lifespan perspective, a focus recently revisited in an expanded work co-authored with Tuere Binta Cross, his daughter.

At Penn State, Bill formed a research team consisting of Beverly Vandiver, Frank Worrell, Kevin Cokley, and Peony Fhagen-Smith.

For over 20 years, Vandiver has been the primary researcher and statistician in the creation and validation of the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS). William Cross originally developed the theory behind the CRIS, Nigrescence theory, in 1971.

The CRIS was the first and currently only racial identity measure for African Americans.

Vandiver's professional contributions have previously been recognized nationally.

She is a founding Fellow of Division 5, Evaluation, Measurement, & Statistics of the American Psychological Association (APA).

Recently, Bill and his wife Dawn moved to Colorado.

She has made a lasting impact on the field of psychology and counseling, and is a very deserving honoree for the 2017 Distinguished Career Contribution to Research award from Division 45, Society for the Psychological Study of Culture, Ethnicity and Race of APA.

Although he never completed the MA degree, his exposure to clinical psychology explains his lifelong focus on process and developmental stages.

Bill was swept-up by the Black Consciousness Movement of the 1960s and 1970s.

Cross, Jr., Lectures Series was created as part of the Annual Conference on Cross-Cultural Issues in Counseling and Education, sponsored by the Counseling Education Program at Georgia Southern State University. Cross was elected President-Elect for Division 45 of the American Psychological Association, where he follows in the footsteps of Robert Sellers, Justin Mc Donald, and Luis Vasquez.

For a brief period Bill lived in Henderson, NV; where he accepted a position at the University of Nevada-Las Vegas in Counselor Education.

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